February 22, 2017

A History of the Spanish Lexicon: A Linguistic Perspective by Steven N. Dworkin

By Steven N. Dworkin

This heritage of the Spanish lexicon is written from the interacting views of linguistic and cultural switch and within the mild of advances within the learn of language touch and lexical swap. the writer describes the language inherited from spoken Latin within the Iberian Peninsula in the course of six centuries of Roman career and examines the measure to which it imported phrases from the languages - of which in basic terms Basque survives - of pre-Roman Spain. He then indicates how Germanic phrases have been imported both in a roundabout way via Latin or previous French or without delay via touch with the Visigoths. He describes the importation of Arabisms following the eighth-century Arab conquest of Spain, distinguishing these documented in medieval assets from these followed for daily use, lots of which continue to exist in glossy Spanish. He considers the effect of previous French and outdated Provencal and identifies past due direct and oblique borrowings from Latin, together with the Italian parts taken up throughout the Renaissance. After outlining minor impacts from languages corresponding to Flemish, Portuguese, and Catalan, Professor Dworkin examines the consequences at the lexicon of touch among Spanish and the indigenous languages of South and critical the United States, and the effect of touch with English. The ebook is geared toward complicated scholars and students of Spanish linguistics and may curiosity experts in Hispanic literary and cultural reviews.

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The verb virar enjoyed a certain degree of vitality 38 A history of the Spanish lexicon caution) a possible Celtic origin for the verb buscar ‘to search, look for’, restricted to Spanish and Portuguese. Does the rarity of Old Spanish primary verbs of indisputably pre-Roman origin suffice to cast doubt on, if not invalidate, the hypothesis that buscar goes back to a still unidentified substratal base? Corominas treats as a case apart the verb arrancar orig. ‘to defeat, disband’, mod. ‘to snatch, grab’, declaring it to be of Sorotaptic origin (1976: 126), for which he identified alleged Slavic and Baltic cognates.

V. v. gurdus) declare there exists no independent evidence. Lat. plumbum ‘lead’, the source of Sp. plomo, Ptg. pombo, It. piombo, Fr. plomb, may have originated in a language of the Iberian Peninsula, known in the ancient world for its lead mines. Lexical items originating in a pre-Roman language of the Iberian Peninsula could have followed one of two routes into spoken Latin. The newly arrived speakers of Latin may have borrowed and adapted to their needs pre-Roman words to fill lexical gaps in their own language with regard to the physical realities of the local landscape, ravine’, roya ‘lurzina d’acqua’.

The rare -lm- cluster of the resulting *ALMUS > *ALMO would have been resolved through insertion of an a, thus leading to the creation of álamo (however, note the survival of such items as alma ‘soul’ and yelmo ‘type of helmet’). He refers vaguely to the possible influence of Arabic in the outcome álamo. Perhaps favoring an etymology involving ALNUS is Nebrija’s Latin gloss in his Spanish– Latin dictionary of álamo negrillo as alnus, a translation which DCECH classes as an outright error, and of no value in determining the etymology of the Spanish noun.

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