By Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of
Climate Change, Division on Earth and Life Studies
Weather switch is happening, is prompted principally through human actions, and poses major dangers for--and in lots of instances is already affecting--a huge diversity of human and typical platforms. The compelling case for those conclusions is equipped in Advancing the technology of weather switch, a part of a congressionally asked suite of stories often called America's weather offerings. whereas noting that there's continuously extra to benefit and that the medical approach is rarely closed, the ebook indicates that hypotheses approximately weather switch are supported through a number of traces of facts and feature stood company within the face of significant debate and cautious review of different reasons. As selection makers reply to those hazards, the nation's medical firm can give a contribution via examine that improves figuring out of the factors and outcomes of weather swap and in addition turns out to be useful to determination makers on the neighborhood, nearby, nationwide, and overseas degrees. The ebook identifies judgements being made in 12 sectors, starting from agriculture to transportation, to spot judgements being made in line with weather swap. Advancing the technology of weather switch demands a unmarried federal entity or application to coordinate a countrywide, multidisciplinary learn attempt geared toward enhancing either knowing and responses to weather swap. Seven cross-cutting examine issues are pointed out to help this clinical company. additionally, leaders of federal weather learn should still redouble efforts to installation a finished weather watching procedure, enhance weather types and different analytical instruments, put money into human capital, and enhance linkages among examine and judgements by means of forming partnerships with action-oriented courses.
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Additional info for Advancing the Science of Climate Change (America's Climate Choices)
Some examples include developing new and improved technologies for reducing GHG emissions (such as enhanced energy efficiency technologies and wind, solar, geothermal-based, and other energy sources that emit few or no GHGs), assessing alternative methods to limit the magnitude of future climate change (such as modifying land use practices to increase carbon storage or geoengineering approaches), and developing improved analytical frameworks and participatory approaches to evaluate trade-offs and synergies among actions taken to limit climate change.
2009), and Neftel et al. (1994). 34 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html What We Know About Climate Change Only 45 percent of the CO2 emitted by human activities remains in the atmosphere; the remainder is absorbed by the oceans and land surface. ” The oceans are also a net carbon sink, but only some of the CO2 absorbed by the oceans is taken up and used by marine plants; most of it combines with water to form carbonic acid, which (as described below) is harmful to many kinds of ocean life.
However, other relevant partners, including the domestic and international research communities and action-oriented programs at all spatial scales, also need to be engaged in system design, deployment, and maintenance. Critical steps include reviewing current and planned observational assets, identifying critical climate monitoring and measurement needs, and developing a comprehensive strategy to meet these needs, including data management and stewardship activities. The climate observing system should be coordinated with other environmental and social data collection efforts to take advantage of synergies and ensure interoperability.
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