By US Department of Agriculture
Read or Download Agriculture Fact Book 1999 (Agriculture Factbook, 1999) PDF
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Additional info for Agriculture Fact Book 1999 (Agriculture Factbook, 1999)
The importance of labor varied significantly by farm type and size of farm. The proportion of total farm production expenses attributed to hired and contract labor expenses was greatest on horticultural specialty farms (44 percent), fruit and tree nut farms (40 percent), and vegetable and melon farms (32 percent). These types of farms are least mechanized, and many of the commodities they produce are still harvested by hand. At the other extreme, labor expenses comprised less than 5 percent of all production expenses on beef cattle, hogs, sheep, and poultry farms.
Crop failure generally varies within a range of 5-11 million acres per year. The noticeable differences are often the result of weather conditions such as the drought in 1988, or the flood and wet weather at planting time in 1993. In 1983, the sharp decline in cropland harvested was the result of “PIK” (payment-in-kind), a USDA land retirement program that paid for the land retirement with surplus commodities. The idle acreage in 1983 included nearly 49 million acres in the PIK program and more than 29 million acres in the Acreage Conservation Reserve and Paid Land Diversion programs.
Net value-added represents the total value of the farm sector’s output of goods and services, less payments to other (non-farm) sectors of the economy, and is production agriculture’s addition to national output. 3 billion in 1997. 7 billion expansion in out-ofpocket costs (intermediate consumption outlays). 5 billion less in net value-added to be distributed among the providers of resources to the farm sector in 1997. 5 percent more for their contributions to 1997 farm production than in 1996.
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