February 22, 2017

America Or Europe?: British Foreign Policy, 1739-63 by Jeremy Black

By Jeremy Black

Why did Britain's place dramatically enhance among 1739 and 1763? during this examine, the writer examines a pivotal interval in Britain's upward push to energy prestige that culminated within the defeat of France within the fight for North the US within the Seven Years' battle. The valuable subject matters during this ebook are the alternatives among battle and peace, the United States of Europe. Due weight is given to the interval of the battle of the Austrian Succession 1740-48, whilst British coverage used to be faraway from profitable and while the most important subject matter used to be quandary with ecu advancements, and to the years of inter-war international relations, while the time table used to be back ruled via ecu advancements, particularly the try to create a continental procedure of collective safeguard to off set the Franco-Prussian alliance. concentrating on the international relations of the interval instead of, as with the vast majority of works, emphasizing the dominance of a fight with France for colonial and maritime superiority, new mild is thrown on British overseas coverage during this interval.

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19 He did so in a consciously anti-French and anti-Prussian fashion. Under the Barrier Treaty of 1715, Dutch garrisons had been accepted in a number of fortresses in the Austrian Netherlands in order to defend the Low Countries from France. 20 The resultant French advance only made Newcastle more determined to rebuild and strengthen the system and to obtain Austrian assistance to that end. 21 This was not a new plan. George II had advocated the idea in January 1745, after the death of Charles VII,22 but it was not taken up until after the war.

Furthermore, this interaction worked to the disadvantage of Britain. The notion that Br itain conquered America in Germany has been repeated frequently, and employed, in addition, to explain why an isolated Britain was unsuccessful in the War of American Independence. However, this analysis ignores both the extent to which the notion was advanced by contemporaries for partisan reasons and the dangers that faced British policy as a result of the continental commitment. William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham, who was identified, both then and subsequently, with the policy of conquering America in Ger many, was in fact very hesitant about military and diplomatic intervention on the Continent.

Thereafter, Frederick was hard—pressed throughout and desperate on many occasions, but an absence of co-ordination by his opponents and Frederick’s determination to fight on prevented the overthrow of Prussian power. 27 BRITISH FOREIGN POLICY, 1739–63 Although Frederick survived, the Anglo-Prussian alliance did not. 72 Britain thus ended the war with the Bourbons defeated at sea and in the colonies, and with the French system in disarray on the Continent. 73 In the 1760s, however, this concern focused far more on the maritime and colonial dimension and far less on Europe than had been the case in the late 1730s.

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