February 21, 2017

Ancient Medicine (2nd Edition) by Vivian Nutton

By Vivian Nutton

The 1st variation of historic drugs was once the main whole exam of the drugs of the traditional global for 100 years. the hot version comprises the most important discoveries made because the first version, in particular from vital texts chanced on in fresh unearths of papyri and manuscripts, making it the main finished and updated survey on hand. Vivian Nutton will pay specific recognition to the lifestyles and paintings of medical professionals in groups, hyperlinks among drugs and magic, and examines the several ways to medication around the old global. the recent version contains extra on Rufus and Galen in addition to augmented info on Babylonia, Hellenistic drugs and past due Antiquity. With lately came across texts made obtainable for the 1st time, and supplying new facts, this wide exploration demanding situations presently held views, and proves a useful source for college kids of either classics and the historical past of medication.

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In modern medical parlance, a fever is a symptom, and it is only one of the indications of a specific disease. In Antiquity, the fever itself was the disease, but, even so, it required further precision. Some fevers, such as the socalled ‘shivering fever’, were described in terms of their effects, but the most common taxonomy depended on their periodicity, whether the high temperature was constant or waned and then returned after one, two, three or more days. The pattern on which this is based is that of malaria, a disease generally of low-lying marshes or slow-moving rivers, spread by the mosquito.

147 On the whole, ancient medicine depended on the recuperative powers of the body and the self-limiting nature of many acute illnesses. 149 The cure tablets that adorned the walls of healing shrines around the ancient world present a sadly joyful litany of illness overcome; of blindness, paralysis, pains in the stomach and head, damaged limbs, strokes, mental disorders, all of which must have placed an intolerable burden on patients and their families until they were cured. 150 Accounts of miracles of Christian healing continue the traditional picture.

SOURCES AND SCOPE language against putting his faith in Greek immigrant physicians. 66 Pliny’s criticism did not lack evidence: his historical examples, and others found in more sober writings, were truly shocking. e. 67 At best it derived from Greek sources; at worst it was mere charlatanry and mumbo jumbo. Its most famous representative, Galen, himself a Greek-speaking immigrant to Rome, provided a doubly convincing proof of all that Pliny had said. His denunciations of earlier doctors in Rome, particularly Asclepiades and the Methodists, highlighted and confirmed their many failings and inconsistencies, while his own theoretical interests and repetitive longueurs exemplified all that Pliny and Cato had detested.

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